Forex restriction on food and fertilizer import - The Guardian

Journalist looking for information/leads on forex scams in the era of COVID-19

Hello Forex!
My name is Ed Prideaux and I’m a UK-based journalist (VICE, BBC, FT, Guardian, Independent, Spectator, etc.). I’m interested in writing an article about how scammers are using the internet - and especially social media platforms like IG - to recruit new bait amid the financial stresses of COVID-19.
One area I want to explore is Forex trading, which has attracted its fair share of fake gurus, 'mentors' and other scammers for a while. I’m looking for tips, potential leads, and things to read and check out. Please share anything and everything you think I should see, and especially if it’s connected to COVID-19 and the economic slowdown.
Ideally, I’d also like to source some testimonies from people in the sub-reddit who were recently scammed. As above, I’m especially interested in hearing from those who were targeted and fell for a scam because of financial hardship triggered by the global recession. For testimonies, everything would be anonymous on request. If you want to help, feel free to PM me or leave a comment, and I’ll PM you.
Thanks -
Ed
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Journalist looking for information/leads on scams in the era of COVID-19

Hello Scams!
My name is Ed Prideaux and I’m a UK-based journalist (VICE, BBC, FT, Guardian, Independent, Spectator, etc.). I’m interested in writing an article about how scammers are using the internet - and especially social media platforms like IG - to recruit new bait amid the financial stresses of COVID-19.
I'm interested in anything and everything scammy you can share, and definitely if it’s connected to COVID-19 and the economic slowdown. This includes outright fraudsters, forex dudes, day traders, fake gurus, ‘mentors’, e-commerce fakers, etc. I’m looking for tips, potential leads, and things to read and check out.
Ideally, I’d also like to source some testimonies from people in the sub-reddit who were recently scammed. As above, I’m especially interested in hearing from those who were targeted and fell for a scam because of financial hardship triggered by the global recession. For testimonies, everything would be anonymous on request. If you want to help, feel free to PM me or leave a comment, and I’ll PM you.
Thanks -
Ed
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No, the British did not steal $45 trillion from India

This is an updated copy of the version on BadHistory. I plan to update it in accordance with the feedback I got.
I'd like to thank two people who will remain anonymous for helping me greatly with this post (you know who you are)
Three years ago a festschrift for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri was published by Shubhra Chakrabarti, a history teacher at the University of Delhi and Utsa Patnaik, a Marxist economist who taught at JNU until 2010.
One of the essays in the festschirt by Utsa Patnaik was an attempt to quantify the "drain" undergone by India during British Rule. Her conclusion? Britain robbed India of $45 trillion (or £9.2 trillion) during their 200 or so years of rule. This figure was immensely popular, and got republished in several major news outlets (here, here, here, here (they get the number wrong) and more recently here), got a mention from the Minister of External Affairs & returns 29,100 results on Google. There's also plenty of references to it here on Reddit.
Patnaik is not the first to calculate such a figure. Angus Maddison thought it was £100 million, Simon Digby said £1 billion, Javier Estaban said £40 million see Roy (2019). The huge range of figures should set off some alarm bells.
So how did Patnaik calculate this (shockingly large) figure? Well, even though I don't have access to the festschrift, she conveniently has written an article detailing her methodology here. Let's have a look.
How exactly did the British manage to diddle us and drain our wealth’ ? was the question that Basudev Chatterjee (later editor of a volume in the Towards Freedom project) had posed to me 50 years ago when we were fellow-students abroad.
This is begging the question.
After decades of research I find that using India’s commodity export surplus as the measure and applying an interest rate of 5%, the total drain from 1765 to 1938, compounded up to 2016, comes to £9.2 trillion; since $4.86 exchanged for £1 those days, this sum equals about $45 trillion.
This is completely meaningless. To understand why it's meaningless consider India's annual coconut exports. These are almost certainly a surplus but the surplus in trade is countered by the other country buying the product (indeed, by definition, trade surpluses contribute to the GDP of a nation which hardly plays into intuitive conceptualisations of drain).
Furthermore, Dewey (2019) critiques the 5% interest rate.
She [Patnaik] consistently adopts statistical assumptions (such as compound interest at a rate of 5% per annum over centuries) that exaggerate the magnitude of the drain
Moving on:
The exact mechanism of drain, or transfers from India to Britain was quite simple.
Convenient.
Drain theory possessed the political merit of being easily grasped by a nation of peasants. [...] No other idea could arouse people than the thought that they were being taxed so that others in far off lands might live in comfort. [...] It was, therefore, inevitable that the drain theory became the main staple of nationalist political agitation during the Gandhian era.
- Chandra et al. (1989)
The key factor was Britain’s control over our taxation revenues combined with control over India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its booming commodity export surplus with the world. Simply put, Britain used locally raised rupee tax revenues to pay for its net import of goods, a highly abnormal use of budgetary funds not seen in any sovereign country.
The issue with figures like these is they all make certain methodological assumptions that are impossible to prove. From Roy in Frankema et al. (2019):
the "drain theory" of Indian poverty cannot be tested with evidence, for several reasons. First, it rests on the counterfactual that any money saved on account of factor payments abroad would translate into domestic investment, which can never be proved. Second, it rests on "the primitive notion that all payments to foreigners are "drain"", that is, on the assumption that these payments did not contribute to domestic national income to the equivalent extent (Kumar 1985, 384; see also Chaudhuri 1968). Again, this cannot be tested. [...] Fourth, while British officers serving India did receive salaries that were many times that of the average income in India, a paper using cross-country data shows that colonies with better paid officers were governed better (Jones 2013).
Indeed, drain theory rests on some very weak foundations. This, in of itself, should be enough to dismiss any of the other figures that get thrown out. Nonetheless, I felt it would be a useful exercise to continue exploring Patnaik's take on drain theory.
The East India Company from 1765 onwards allocated every year up to one-third of Indian budgetary revenues net of collection costs, to buy a large volume of goods for direct import into Britain, far in excess of that country’s own needs.
So what's going on here? Well Roy (2019) explains it better:
Colonial India ran an export surplus, which, together with foreign investment, was used to pay for services purchased from Britain. These payments included interest on public debt, salaries, and pensions paid to government offcers who had come from Britain, salaries of managers and engineers, guaranteed profts paid to railway companies, and repatriated business profts. How do we know that any of these payments involved paying too much? The answer is we do not.
So what was really happening is the government was paying its workers for services (as well as guaranteeing profits - to promote investment - something the GoI does today Dalal (2019), and promoting business in India), and those workers were remitting some of that money to Britain. This is hardly a drain (unless, of course, Indian diaspora around the world today are "draining" it). In some cases, the remittances would take the form of goods (as described) see Chaudhuri (1983):
It is obvious that these debit items were financed through the export surplus on merchandise account, and later, when railway construction started on a large scale in India, through capital import. Until 1833 the East India Company followed a cumbersome method in remitting the annual home charges. This was to purchase export commodities in India out of revenue, which were then shipped to London and the proceeds from their sale handed over to the home treasury.
While Roy's earlier point argues better paid officers governed better, it is honestly impossible to say what part of the repatriated export surplus was a drain, and what was not. However calling all of it a drain is definitely misguided.
It's worth noting that Patnaik seems to make no attempt to quantify the benefits of the Raj either, Dewey (2019)'s 2nd criticism:
she [Patnaik] consistently ignores research that would tend to cut the economic impact of the drain down to size, such as the work on the sources of investment during the industrial revolution (which shows that industrialisation was financed by the ploughed-back profits of industrialists) or the costs of empire school (which stresses the high price of imperial defence)

Since tropical goods were highly prized in other cold temperate countries which could never produce them, in effect these free goods represented international purchasing power for Britain which kept a part for its own use and re-exported the balance to other countries in Europe and North America against import of food grains, iron and other goods in which it was deficient.
Re-exports necessarily adds value to goods when the goods are processed and when the goods are transported. The country with the largest navy at the time would presumably be in very good stead to do the latter.
The British historians Phyllis Deane and WA Cole presented an incorrect estimate of Britain’s 18th-19th century trade volume, by leaving out re-exports completely. I found that by 1800 Britain’s total trade was 62% higher than their estimate, on applying the correct definition of trade including re-exports, that is used by the United Nations and by all other international organisations.
While interesting, and certainly expected for such an old book, re-exporting necessarily adds value to goods.
When the Crown took over from the Company, from 1861 a clever system was developed under which all of India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its fast-rising commodity export surplus with the world, was intercepted and appropriated by Britain. As before up to a third of India’s rising budgetary revenues was not spent domestically but was set aside as ‘expenditure abroad’.
So, what does this mean? Britain appropriated all of India's earnings, and then spent a third of it aboard? Not exactly. She is describing home charges see Roy (2019) again:
Some of the expenditures on defense and administration were made in sterling and went out of the country. This payment by the government was known as the Home Charges. For example, interest payment on loans raised to finance construction of railways and irrigation works, pensions paid to retired officers, and purchase of stores, were payments in sterling. [...] almost all money that the government paid abroad corresponded to the purchase of a service from abroad. [...] The balance of payments system that emerged after 1800 was based on standard business principles. India bought something and paid for it. State revenues were used to pay for wages of people hired abroad, pay for interest on loans raised abroad, and repatriation of profits on foreign investments coming into India. These were legitimate market transactions.
Indeed, if paying for what you buy is drain, then several billions of us are drained every day.
The Secretary of State for India in Council, based in London, invited foreign importers to deposit with him the payment (in gold, sterling and their own currencies) for their net imports from India, and these gold and forex payments disappeared into the yawning maw of the SoS’s account in the Bank of England.
It should be noted that India having two heads was beneficial, and encouraged investment per Roy (2019):
The fact that the India Office in London managed a part of the monetary system made India creditworthy, stabilized its currency, and encouraged foreign savers to put money into railways and private enterprise in India. Current research on the history of public debt shows that stable and large colonies found it easier to borrow abroad than independent economies because the investors trusted the guarantee of the colonist powers.

Against India’s net foreign earnings he issued bills, termed Council bills (CBs), to an equivalent rupee value. The rate (between gold-linked sterling and silver rupee) at which the bills were issued, was carefully adjusted to the last farthing, so that foreigners would never find it more profitable to ship financial gold as payment directly to Indians, compared to using the CB route. Foreign importers then sent the CBs by post or by telegraph to the export houses in India, that via the exchange banks were paid out of the budgeted provision of sums under ‘expenditure abroad’, and the exporters in turn paid the producers (peasants and artisans) from whom they sourced the goods.
Sunderland (2013) argues CBs had two main roles (and neither were part of a grand plot to keep gold out of India):
Council bills had two roles. They firstly promoted trade by handing the IO some control of the rate of exchange and allowing the exchange banks to remit funds to India and to hedge currency transaction risks. They also enabled the Indian government to transfer cash to England for the payment of its UK commitments.

The United Nations (1962) historical data for 1900 to 1960, show that for three decades up to 1928 (and very likely earlier too) India posted the second highest merchandise export surplus in the world, with USA in the first position. Not only were Indians deprived of every bit of the enormous international purchasing power they had earned over 175 years, even its rupee equivalent was not issued to them since not even the colonial government was credited with any part of India’s net gold and forex earnings against which it could issue rupees. The sleight-of-hand employed, namely ‘paying’ producers out of their own taxes, made India’s export surplus unrequited and constituted a tax-financed drain to the metropolis, as had been correctly pointed out by those highly insightful classical writers, Dadabhai Naoroji and RCDutt.
It doesn't appear that others appreciate their insight Roy (2019):
K. N. Chaudhuri rightly calls such practice ‘confused’ economics ‘coloured by political feelings’.

Surplus budgets to effect such heavy tax-financed transfers had a severe employment–reducing and income-deflating effect: mass consumption was squeezed in order to release export goods. Per capita annual foodgrains absorption in British India declined from 210 kg. during the period 1904-09, to 157 kg. during 1937-41, and to only 137 kg by 1946.
Dewey (1978) points out reliability issues with Indian agriculutural statistics, however this calorie decline persists to this day. Some of it is attributed to less food being consumed at home Smith (2015), a lower infectious disease burden Duh & Spears (2016) and diversified diets Vankatesh et al. (2016).
If even a part of its enormous foreign earnings had been credited to it and not entirely siphoned off, India could have imported modern technology to build up an industrial structure as Japan was doing.
This is, unfortunately, impossible to prove. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication that India would've united (this is arguably more plausible than the given counterfactual1). Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been nuked in WW2, much like Japan. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been invaded by lizard people, much like Japan. The list continues eternally.
Nevertheless, I will charitably examine the given counterfactual anyway. Did pre-colonial India have industrial potential? The answer is a resounding no.
From Gupta (1980):
This article starts from the premise that while economic categories - the extent of commodity production, wage labour, monetarisation of the economy, etc - should be the basis for any analysis of the production relations of pre-British India, it is the nature of class struggles arising out of particular class alignments that finally gives the decisive twist to social change. Arguing on this premise, and analysing the available evidence, this article concludes that there was little potential for industrial revolution before the British arrived in India because, whatever might have been the character of economic categories of that period, the class relations had not sufficiently matured to develop productive forces and the required class struggle for a 'revolution' to take place.
A view echoed in Raychaudhuri (1983):
Yet all of this did not amount to an economic situation comparable to that of western Europe on the eve of the industrial revolution. Her technology - in agriculture as well as manufacturers - had by and large been stagnant for centuries. [...] The weakness of the Indian economy in the mid-eighteenth century, as compared to pre-industrial Europe was not simply a matter of technology and commercial and industrial organization. No scientific or geographical revolution formed part of the eighteenth-century Indian's historical experience. [...] Spontaneous movement towards industrialisation is unlikely in such a situation.
So now we've established India did not have industrial potential, was India similar to Japan just before the Meiji era? The answer, yet again, unsurprisingly, is no. Japan's economic situation was not comparable to India's, which allowed for Japan to finance its revolution. From Yasuba (1986):
All in all, the Japanese standard of living may not have been much below the English standard of living before industrialization, and both of them may have been considerably higher than the Indian standard of living. We can no longer say that Japan started from a pathetically low economic level and achieved a rapid or even "miraculous" economic growth. Japan's per capita income was almost as high as in Western Europe before industrialization, and it was possible for Japan to produce surplus in the Meiji Period to finance private and public capital formation.
The circumstances that led to Meiji Japan were extremely unique. See Tomlinson (1985):
Most modern comparisons between India and Japan, written by either Indianists or Japanese specialists, stress instead that industrial growth in Meiji Japan was the product of unique features that were not reproducible elsewhere. [...] it is undoubtably true that Japan's progress to industrialization has been unique and unrepeatable
So there you have it. Unsubstantiated statistical assumptions, calling any number you can a drain & assuming a counterfactual for no good reason gets you this $45 trillion number. Hopefully that's enough to bury it in the ground.
1. Several authors have affirmed that Indian identity is a colonial artefact. For example see Rajan 1969:
Perhaps the single greatest and most enduring impact of British rule over India is that it created an Indian nation, in the modern political sense. After centuries of rule by different dynasties overparts of the Indian sub-continent, and after about 100 years of British rule, Indians ceased to be merely Bengalis, Maharashtrians,or Tamils, linguistically and culturally.
or see Bryant 2000:
But then, it would be anachronistic to condemn eighteenth-century Indians, who served the British, as collaborators, when the notion of 'democratic' nationalism or of an Indian 'nation' did not then exist. [...] Indians who fought for them, differed from the Europeans in having a primary attachment to a non-belligerent religion, family and local chief, which was stronger than any identity they might have with a more remote prince or 'nation'.

Bibliography

Chakrabarti, Shubra & Patnaik, Utsa (2018). Agrarian and other histories: Essays for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri. Colombia University Press
Hickel, Jason (2018). How the British stole $45 trillion from India. The Guardian
Bhuyan, Aroonim & Sharma, Krishan (2019). The Great Loot: How the British stole $45 trillion from India. Indiapost
Monbiot, George (2020). English Landowners have stolen our rights. It is time to reclaim them. The Guardian
Tsjeng, Zing (2020). How Britain Stole $45 trillion from India with trains | Empires of Dirt. Vice
Chaudhury, Dipanjan (2019). British looted $45 trillion from India in today’s value: Jaishankar. The Economic Times
Roy, Tirthankar (2019). How British rule changed India's economy: The Paradox of the Raj. Palgrave Macmillan
Patnaik, Utsa (2018). How the British impoverished India. Hindustan Times
Tuovila, Alicia (2019). Expenditure method. Investopedia
Dewey, Clive (2019). Changing the guard: The dissolution of the nationalist–Marxist orthodoxy in the agrarian and agricultural history of India. The Indian Economic & Social History Review
Chandra, Bipan et al. (1989). India's Struggle for Independence, 1857-1947. Penguin Books
Frankema, Ewout & Booth, Anne (2019). Fiscal Capacity and the Colonial State in Asia and Africa, c. 1850-1960. Cambridge University Press
Dalal, Sucheta (2019). IL&FS Controversy: Centre is Paying Up on Sovereign Guarantees to ADB, KfW for Group's Loan. TheWire
Chaudhuri, K.N. (1983). X - Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments (1757–1947). Cambridge University Press
Sunderland, David (2013). Financing the Raj: The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940. Boydell Press
Dewey, Clive (1978). Patwari and Chaukidar: Subordinate officials and the reliability of India’s agricultural statistics. Athlone Press
Smith, Lisa (2015). The great Indian calorie debate: Explaining rising undernourishment during India’s rapid economic growth. Food Policy
Duh, Josephine & Spears, Dean (2016). Health and Hunger: Disease, Energy Needs, and the Indian Calorie Consumption Puzzle. The Economic Journal
Vankatesh, P. et al. (2016). Relationship between Food Production and Consumption Diversity in India – Empirical Evidences from Cross Section Analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review
Gupta, Shaibal (1980). Potential of Industrial Revolution in Pre-British India. Economic and Political Weekly
Raychaudhuri, Tapan (1983). I - The mid-eighteenth-century background. Cambridge University Press
Yasuba, Yasukichi (1986). Standard of Living in Japan Before Industrialization: From what Level did Japan Begin? A Comment. The Journal of Economic History
Tomblinson, B.R. (1985). Writing History Sideways: Lessons for Indian Economic Historians from Meiji Japan. Cambridge University Press
Rajan, M.S. (1969). The Impact of British Rule in India. Journal of Contemporary History
Bryant, G.J. (2000). Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800. War in History
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I am a 14 year old self-made millionaire (no daddys money), Ask Me Anything.

I trade stocks and forex, recently got into cryptocurrency, as well as angel investing (I have invested in 7 startups, 2 exits so far) and I am 14 years old. Since I am underage, I do everything under a guardian's name but all of it is really me :)
Going to remain anonymous as I do have friends who do not know the extent of my wealth on Reddit, but other than that Ask Me Anything!
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Don't get [FOREX] scammed! (Long post but worth the warning)

I bet Im not the only one who sees ads like this on Facebook.
LearnToTrade claims to be a Forex coaching company that was going to make you so rich, you'd throw your paperwork on your boss's face and buy a yacht next month. I was impressed as the venue for the free seminar was at a swanky building in BGC (sa ibabaw ng Lamborghini lol). One day, I saw one of their ads and because I had time to spare, I dragged my girlfriend along to check it out since we live around the area.
During the two-hour ordeal, all the speaker did was:
1) Put Greg Secker (their founder) on a pedestal of flowers. The guy appeared on a video which served as his "speech" and appeared to be messianic as fuck. There was something about the guy and the way he was reverred that was so unsettling. (More about him later)
2) Exaggerate on how genius traders their students turned out to be. (A 13yo is now trading millions monthly and lawyers quit being lawyers because they apparently realized they started earning more from trading because of what they learned from LearnToTrade)
3) Badmouth other trading companies. I couldn't keep track with how many times she lambasted COLfinancial (not even a Forex competitor) for ripping off arms and legs with their "ridiculous commissions". She asked if anybody in the room uses COLfinancial for trading stocks. I do but I decided to keep quiet to hear what she had to say. She was saying shit like "Imagine, 40% ng kinita ng pera nyo, sakanila mapupunta." That's when I realized nangbubullshit sya because the commission is only 0.25%. It could've been an honest mistake but...
4) Practically try to force us to "not hesitate" in enrolling at THREE-SESSION COACHING WORTH 90K. And wait, discounted na yan! Promo daw eh! So she said, when you start attending the classes, don't tell your classmates because they paid 400k daw for those classes. WTF?
5) Focus on the participants' desire for wealth. No remote feel that they were there to educate.
Although I was obviously not sold, I went home with a nagging feeling that I just wasted more than 2 hours of my life. BUT WAIT, THERE'S MORE!
They kept calling me for daysss (sayang I switched phones so di ko na maprovide yung call logs) trying to convince me to enroll. SUPER KULIT. I got so pissed, nagsungit na ko sa caller and started doing my research. Here are what I found out:
1) Greg Secker, the self-styled "internationally acclaimed" trading genius, was never even a trader. He was only affiliated with the big financial corporations that he LOVED to name-drop - as an employee.
2) For someone who claims his company can teach anyone to be really rich, the dude is allegedly operating at a loss.
3) His companies' incomes are mostly from the "enrolment fees" the more gullible trusting people throw in - not from actual effective trading.
And soooo much more sketchy stuff. Up to you to give them a chance. Here are some links to foreign articles about Greg Secker and LearnToTrade:
The Guardian article
BBC UK article
DailyMail UK exposé article
Greg Secker labeled as a "snake oil salesman" LOL
Quora forum
Philippine exposé vlog
And on and on...
It's surprising that even after getting exposed left and right, he's still able to stay in the business. Im not here to smear shit on LearnToTrade or call Greg Secker a charlatan, I just think you should at least know what you're getting into and not listen to someone sell alchemy. Total waste of time. I know somehow there are honest people in that company, but I think they can only be the naive ones.
PS: Just found out they're NOT registered with the SEC and was raided by the NBI as a syndicate halos last month lang. Hohoho. Pero may ads parin sa Facebook? Help me report pag may nakita kayo. :)
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  45. Lorelei M. Hart - Remember Me, Omega: An Mpreg Romance (English Edition) (R$ 16,16)
  46. Skye Warren - ROUGH: A Dark Romantic Comedy (Chicago Underground Book 1) (English Edition) (R$ 11,15)
  47. Meenakshi Narang - Self-Hypnosis: Learn Basic Techniques for Personal Transformation (English Edition) (R$ 9,09)
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  52. Jonathan Baker - The 21-Day Sugar Detox Guide & Cookbook: The Complete Guide To Destroy Sugar Cravings, Lose Weight And Feel Great All The Time (English Edition) (R$ 11,28)
  53. Sidney Mazzi - The Art of Hunting Humans: A radical and confronting explanation of the human mind (English Edition) (R$ 24,99)
  54. de Luna, Paolo Jose - The Beginnings and Benefits of Acupuncture: Health Problems That Can Be Treated Using Acupuncture, Acupunture Points and Procedure, Safety and Side Effects of Acupuncture (English Edition) (R$ 9,53)
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  59. Nick May - Win @ Work: Type Faster, Do More with Less, and Amaze Your Boss with your Productivity (English Edition) (R$ 19,18)
  60. G. Bailey - Winter's Guardian (Her Guardians Series Book 1) (English Edition) (R$ 3,75)
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Business Help

Hey everyone, I own a business in which we provide options, forex, and crypto. Is it legal for our staff to give out signals? We have a Terms of Service which states: I have read the agreement below and agree to its terms: These Terms and Conditions of Use ("Agreement") is an agreement between you and Hype Trading. By registering for any service provided by Hype Trading you become a member and you agree to be bound by all of the terms set forth in this Agreement as long as you remain a Member. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS, PLEASE DO NOT REGISTER FOR ANY HYPE TRADING SERVICE. The Terms are subject to change at any time, effective upon notice to you. 1) Upon joining, you are agreeing that you are 18 years of age or older. You must have a parent/guardian consent if you are younger. 2) Upon joining, you are agreeing that you are responsible for ALL actions taken with the guides/advice/information you see in the server. Anything that may occur in any event is your fault, not ours. 3) Upon joining, you are agreeing that Hype Trading accepts NO liability or loss from potential harm you cause yourself when using any of the information. 4) Information contained on the ServeService is not tailored for individual use and as a result such information may be unsuitable for you and your investment decisions. You should consult a financial adviser before making any investment decision.
5) Do Not Rely on Hype Trading. Opinions, advice, statements or other comments should not necessarily be relied upon and are not to be construed as professional advice from Hype Trading. Hype Trading does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any of the information provided and are not responsible for any loss resulting from your reliance on such information. Although Hype Trading uses reasonable efforts to ensure that information on the serveservice is accurate and complete, we cannot guarantee this to be the case. Use of the serveservice is at your sole risk and Hype Trading does not accept any liability for loss or damage suffered by you arising from your use of information contained on the serveservice. You should take adequate steps to verify the accuracy and completeness of any information contained on the serveservice. 6)Warning re: Inaccurate or Offensive Information. It is possible that other Hype Trading members will post or send inaccurate, obscene or offensive materials on the server. Hype Trading, its employees, agents, affiliates, licensees and web hosting services are not responsible for these transmissions or for the release of such information by others about you. 7) Right to Monitor: Hype Trading reserves the right, but are not obligated, to monitor materials posted in any public area and shall have the right to remove any information deemed offensive or inaccurate by our staff. Notwithstanding the foregoing, you remain solely responsible for your use of any information contained on the site. 8) ALL INFORMATION PRESENTED BY HYPE TRADING, its employees, agents, affiliates, licensees and web hosting services SHOULD BE TAKEN AS EDUCATIONAL. WE WILL NOT TAKE LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THE INFORMATION AND PROBLEMS IT CAN CAUSE. HYPE TRADING PRESENTS THE INFORMATION FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. You further understand and agree that using the website or the discord server and applying is the electronic equivalent of a written signature on this document. What do I do to protect my business. We are not licensed and my current Staff is in US/UK/CA. Anyone got any ideas of what I should do? The ToS was made by me. We do not have an LLC. Can someone lend a hand in this experience? 
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NEO DevCon Press Release















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Barclays, RBS and other banks face £1bn forex rigging lawsuit

Barclays, RBS and three other banks are being sued by investors for at least £1 billion over rigging of the foreign exchange market in a test case for US-style class actions in the UK, according to The Guardian. Barclays has been one of the banks subjected to the lawsuit
A US law firm that specialises in stock market litigation has filed the claim at the Competition Appeal Tribunal. The claim also targets US investment banks JP Morgan and Citigroup, and Switzerland’s UBS.
The legal action follows the European commission’s decision in May to fine five banks more than €1 billion (£910 million) for colluding to reduce competition in markets for 11 currencies, including the US dollar, the euro and the pound.
Cartels of traders with names such as the ‘Three-Way Banana Split’ operated on chatrooms to rig the multi-trillion-dollar foreign exchange market. UBS, which informed the commission about the collusion, was not fined but Japan’s MUFG received a penalty.
Scott + Scott, the law firm representing the investors, said Barclays, RBS, JP Morgan, Citi and UBS had been fined more than $8.5 billion by regulators globally over foreign exchange manipulation. The firm secured more than $2.3 billion compensation in a US class action suit from banks including Barclays, RBS, UBS and Deutsche Bank.
The claim, led by Michael O’Higgins, the former chair of the Pensions Regulator, seeks compensation for investors and companies allegedly damaged by the banks’ actions. O’Higgins has instructed Scott + Scott to carry out work on the case.
“Just as compensation has been won in the US, our legal action in the UK will seek to return hundreds of millions of pounds to pension funds and other corporates who were targeted by the cartel,” O’Higgins tells The Guardian.
Under a class action a judge rules that all similar claimants will be included in the same claim, reducing litigation costs and sharing damages between claimants who might not have been able to afford to bring their own case.
Until the 2015 law change, English law allowed opt-in collective actions, which made assembling a claim far more difficult and costly. The new regime has so far failed to get off the ground because of disagreements about the eligibility of claims.
The value of the claim against the banks will depend on the number of foreign exchange trades carried out in London for UK-based operations and is likely to exceed £1 billion, notes O’Higgins.
* More Details Here
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financial advisory full definition

The financial advisory full definition

A Monetary Advisor's Many Roles

A monetary advisor is your planning associate. To illustrate you need to retire in 20 years or ship your youngster to a non-public college in 10 years. To perform your objectives, it's possible you'll want a skilled professional to assist make these plans an actuality, and that’s the place a monetary advisor is available in.
Collectively, you and your advisor will cowl many subjects, together with the amount of cash you need to save, the sorts of accounts you want, the sorts of insurance coverage you need to have (together with long-term care, time period life, and incapacity) and property and tax planning.
The monetary advisor can be an educator. A part of the advisor's job is that will help you perceive what's concerned in assembly your future objectives. The schooling course of could embrace detailed assist with monetary subjects. At first of your relationship, these subjects could possibly be budgeting and saving. As you advance in your data, the advisor will help you in understanding advanced funding, insurance coverage, and tax issues.
The 1st step within the monetary advisory course is knowing your financial health. You'll be able to correctly plan for the long run without understanding the place you stand immediately. Sometimes, you can be requested to finish an in-depth written questionnaire. Your solutions assist the advisor to perceive your state of affairs and make sure you do not overlook any essential data.
download free forex indicators.

The Monetary Questionnaire

The advisor works with you to get an entire image of your property, liabilities, revenue, and bills. On the questionnaire, additionally, you will point out future pensions and revenue sources, venture retirement wants and describes any long-term monetary obligations. In brief, you’ll checklist all present and anticipated investments, pensions, items and sources of revenue.
The investing element of the questionnaire touches upon extra subjective subjects, reminiscent of your risk tolerance and risk capacity. An understanding of threat assists the advisor when it’s time to find out your funding asset allocation. You may let the advisor know your funding preferences as nicely.
The preliminary evaluation additionally contains an examination of different monetary administration subjects reminiscent of insurance coverage points and your tax state of affairs. The advisor wants to pay attention to your present estate plan (or lack thereof) in addition to different professionals in your planning group, reminiscent of accountants and legal professionals. When you and the advisor perceive your current monetary place and future projections, you’re able to work collectively on a plan to fulfil your life and monetary objectives.

Creating The Monetary Plan

The monetary advisor synthesizes all of this preliminary data right into a comprehensive financial plan that may function a roadmap to your monetary future. It begins with an abstract of the important thing findings out of your preliminary questionnaire and summarizes your present monetary state of affairs, together with internet price, property, liabilities, and liquid or working capital. The monetary plan additionally recaps the objectives you and the advisor mentioned.
The evaluation part of this prolonged doc drills down into a number of subjects, together with your threat tolerance, estate-planning particulars, household state of affairs, long-term care risk, and different pertinent current and future monetary points.
Primarily based upon your anticipated internet price and future revenue at retirement, the plan will create simulations of doubtless best- and worst-case retirement eventualities, together with the scary risk of outliving your cash, so steps may be taken to forestall that end result. It's going to have a look at cheap withdrawal charges in retirement out of your portfolio property. Moreover, if you're married or in a long-term partnership, the plan will contemplate survivorship points and monetary eventualities for the surviving associate.
After you assessment the plan with the advisor and modify it as mandatory, you’re prepared for motion.

Advisors Plan Motion Steps

A monetary advisor is not only somebody who helps with investments. Their job is that will help you with each facet of your monetary life. In truth, you may work with a monetary advisor without having them handle your portfolio or advocate investments in any respect.
For many individuals, nevertheless, funding recommendation is a significant purpose to work with a monetary advisor. If you happen to select this route, right here’s what to anticipate.
The advisor will arrange an asset allocation that matches each your threat tolerance and threat capability. The asset allocation is solely a rubric to find out what proportion of your complete monetary portfolio might be distributed throughout varied asset lessons. An extra risk-averse particular person can have a better focus of presidency bonds, certificates of deposit and cash market holdings, whereas a person who's extra snug with the threat will tackle extra shares and company bonds and maybe funding actual property. Your asset allocation might be adjusted to your age and for a way lengthy you could have earlier than retirement. Every monetary advisory agency will act in accordance with the regulation and with its firm funding coverage when shopping for and promoting the monetary property.

Monetary Advisors and Investments

It’s essential for you, as the buyer, to grasp what your planner recommends and why. You shouldn't blindly comply with an advisor’s suggestions; it’s your cash, and you need to perceive the way it’s being deployed. Preserve an in-depth eye on the charges you're paying, each to your advisor and for any funds purchased for you.
Ask your advisor why they advocate particular investments and whether or not they're receiving a fee for promoting you these investments. Be alert for potential conflicts of interest.
A commonality amongst corporations is that monetary merchandise is chosen to suit the shopper’s threat profile. Take, for instance, a 50-year-old man who’s already amassed sufficient internet price for retirement and is predominantly fascinated with capital preservation. He could have a really conservative asset allocation of 45% in inventory property (which can embrace particular person shares, mutual funds and/or ETFs) and 55% in fixed-income assets reminiscent of bonds. Alternatively, a 40-year-old girl with a smaller internet price and a willingness to tackle extra threat to construct up her monetary portfolio could go for an asset allocation of 70% inventory property, 25% fixed-income property and 5% alternative investments.
Whereas bearing in mind the agency’s funding philosophy, your private portfolio will suit yours wants primarily based on how quickly you want the cash, your investment horizon, and your current and future objectives.

Common Monetary Monitoring

As soon as your funding plan is in place, you’ll obtain common statements out of your advisor updating you in your portfolio. The advisor can even arrange common conferences to assessment your objectives and progress and to reply to any questions you could have. Assembly remotely by way of cellphone or video chat will help make these contacts occur extra typically.
Along with common, ongoing conferences, it’s essential to seek the advice of together with your monetary advisor once you anticipate a significant change in your life that might impact your financial picture, reminiscent of getting married or divorced, including a toddler to your loved ones, shopping for or promoting a house, altering jobs or getting promoted.

Indicators You Might Want an Advisor

Anybody can work with a monetary advisor at any age and any stage of life. You don’t should have an excessive internet price; you simply have to seek out an advisor suited to your situation.
The choice to enlist skilled assist together with your cash is an extremely private one, however, any time you’re feeling overwhelmed, confused, wired or scared by your monetary state of affairs could also be a very good time to search for a monetary advisor.
It’s additionally advantageous to strategy one once you’re coming from a place of energy however need somebody to make sure that you’re heading in the right direction and recommend potential enhancements to your plan which may make it easier to obtain your objectives extra successfully.
Lastly, should you don’t have the time or curiosity to handle your funds, that’s one other good purpose to rent a monetary advisor.
These are some basic causes you would possibly want an advisor’s skilled assist. Listed below are some extra particular ones.

None of Your Financial savings Is Invested or You Don’t Know How you can Make investments

As a result of we dwell in a world of inflation, any cash you retain in money or in a low-interest account declines in worth annually. Investing is the one technique to make your cash develop, and until you could have exceptionally excessive revenue, investing is the one approach most individuals will ever come up with the money to retire.

You Have Investments, however, You’re Constantly Dropping Cash

Even the perfect buyers lose cash when the market is down or once they decide that doesn’t prove as they’d hoped, however general, investing ought to improve your internet price significantly. If it’s not doing that, hiring a monetary advisor will help you discover out what you’re doing incorrect and proper your course earlier than it’s too late.

You Don’t Have a Present Property Plan

A monetary advisor may make it easier to put collectively a property plan to ensure your property are dealt with in response to your needs after you die. And should you aren’t correctly insured (or aren’t positive what insurance coverage you want), a monetary advisor will help with that, too. Certainly, a fee-only monetary advisor could possibly supply a much less biased opinion than an insurance coverage agent can.

Serving to You Attain Your Objectives

Monetary advisors can help you with investing and reaching your long-term objectives in so some ways. Listed below are 5:
  1. Experience. Monetary advisors know extra about investing and managing cash than most individuals. They'll information you to higher selections than you would possibly make by yourself.
  2. Accountability. Monetary advisors assist hold you on the monitor by speaking you out of constructing emotional choices about your cash, like shopping for an inventory that’s been skyrocketing or promoting all of your inventory funds when the market plummets.
  3. Recommendation. It’s within the title: Monetary advisors could make strategies about the perfect methods to implement to enhance your funds, from what to investments to make to what insurance coverage to purchase.
  4. Evolution. As your life circumstances change, a monetary advisor will help you modify your monetary plan in order that it at all times suits your present state of affairs.
  5. Motion. Many individuals don’t take the steps they need to handle their funds as a result of they’re too busy or too unsure about what to do. Working with a monetary advisor means another person can deal with what you don’t have time for and ensure your cash is being deployed in one of the simplest ways.

The Prices of a Monetary Advisor

A rule proposed by the Division of Labor (DOL) would have required all monetary professionals who work with retirement plans or give retirement plan recommendation to supply recommendation that's within the shopper’s greatest curiosity (the fiduciary standard), versus merely appropriate for the shopper (the suitability standard). The rule was handed, its implementation was delayed after which a courtroom killed it.
However within the roughly three-year interval between President Obama's proposal of the rule and its eventual demise, the media shed extra mild than it had beforehand on the other ways monetary advisors work, how they cost for his or her companies and the way the suitability commonplace may be much less useful to shoppers than the fiduciary commonplace. Some monetary advisors determined to voluntarily transfer to a fiduciary commonplace or extra closely promote that they already operated underneath that commonplace. Others, reminiscent of licensed monetary planners™, already adhered to this commonplace. However, even underneath the DOL rule, the fiduciary standard wouldn't have utilized to the non-retirement recommendation – an ordinary certain to trigger confusion.
Below the suitability commonplace, monetary advisors work on a fee for the merchandise they promote to shoppers. This implies the shopper could by no means obtain an invoice from the monetary advisor. Then again, they might find yourself with monetary merchandise that charger greater charges than others available on the market – however, pay the advisor an excessive fee for placing shoppers into them.
Below the fiduciary commonplace, advisors cost shoppers by the hour or as a proportion of the property underneath administration. A typical proportion charge is 1%, whereas a typical hourly fee for monetary recommendation ranges from $120 to $300. Charges range by location and the advisor’s expertise. Some advisors could supply decrease charges to assist shoppers who're simply getting began with monetary planning and mightn't afford a lot. A preliminary session is commonly free and supplies an opportunity for each the shopper and the advisor to see in the event that they’re a very good match for one another.
Financial advisors can also earn a mixture of charges and commissions. A fee-based monetary advisor is not the same as a fee-only financial advisor. A fee-based advisor could earn a charge for growing a monetary plan for you, however nonetheless earn a fee for promoting you a sure insurance coverage product or funding. A fee-only monetary advisor earns no commissions.
The Securities and Alternate Fee proposed its personal fiduciary rule referred to as Regulation Best Interest in April 2018. In some methods, it will be much less strict than the DOL’s fiduciary rule would have been, doubtlessly addressing the considerations of a number of the DOL rule’s critics. In one other approach, it will be broader: It might not be restricted to retirement investments.

Contemplating a Robo-Advisor

A digital monetary advisor, or robot-advisor, is an organization that makes use of pc algorithms to handle your cash primarily based in your solutions to questions on your objectives and threat tolerance. Robo-advisors don’t require you to have a lot of cash to get began they usually price lower than human monetary advisors. Examples embrace Betterment and Wealthfront. These companies can save you time and take the emotion out of investing.
However, a robust-advisor can’t communicate with you about one of the simplest ways to get out of debt or fund your youngster’s schooling. It can also speak you out of promoting your investments out of concern when you have to be holding on to them for the long term. Nor can it make it easier to construct and handle a portfolio of particular person shares. Robo-advisors usually make investments shoppers’ cash in a portfolio of ETFs and mutual funds that present inventory and bond publicity and monitor a market index. And if in case you have a posh property or tax problem, you want the extremely personalised recommendation that solely a human can supply (for now, anyway).
Some corporations, nevertheless, mix digitally managed portfolio funding with the choice for human interplay – at an extra price. One such service is Personal Capital. Some individuals name these companies digital advisors as a result of interactions occur by cellphone or video chat as an alternative of an individual; others use the phrases “robot-advisor” and “digital advisor” synonymously.

What's a Monetary Advisor

A monetary advisor supplies monetary recommendation or steerage to clients for compensation. Monetary advisors, or advisers, can present many various companies, reminiscent of funding administration, revenue tax preparation and estate planning. They have to carry the Series 65 license to conduct enterprise with the general public; all kinds of licenses can be found for the companies offered by a monetary advisor.

BREAKING DOWN Monetary Advisor

"Monetary advisor" is a generic time period with no exact business definition, and plenty of various kinds of monetary professionals fall into this basic class. Stockbrokers, insurance coverage brokers, tax preparers, investment managers and monetary planners are all members of this group. Property planners and bankers can also fall underneath this umbrella.

Completely different Examples of Monetary Advisors

What could cross as a monetary advisor in some situations could also be a product salesperson, reminiscent of a stockbroker or a life insurance coverage agent. A real monetary advisor needs to be a well-educated, credentialed, skilled, monetary skilled who works on behalf of his shoppers versus serving the pursuits of a monetary establishment. Typically, a monetary advisor is an unbiased practitioner who operates in a fiduciary capability through which a shopper’s pursuits come earlier than his personal. Solely Registered Investment Advisors (RIA), who're ruled by the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, are held to a real fiduciary commonplace. There are some brokers and brokers who attempt to follow on this capability, nevertheless, their compensation construction is such that they're certain by the contracts of the businesses the place they work.

The Fiduciary Distinction

For the reason, that enactment of the Funding Adviser Act of 1940, two sorts of relationships has existed between monetary intermediaries and their shoppers. These are the “arms size” relationship that characterizes the transactions between registered representatives and shoppers within the broker-dealer area, and the fiduciary relationship that requires advisors registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as Registered Funding Advisors to train duties of loyalty, care and full disclosure of their interactions with shoppers. Whereas the previous is predicated on the precept of “caveat emptor” guided by self-governed guidelines of “suitability” and “reasonableness” in recommending a funding product or technique, the latter is grounded in federal legal guidelines that impose the best moral requirements. At its core, the fiduciary relationship depends on the need {that a} monetary advisor should act on behalf of a shopper in an approach the shopper would act for himself if he had the requisite data and abilities to take action.

What's a Monetary Adviser

A monetary adviser (or advisor) is knowledgeable who supplies monetary steerage to shoppers primarily based on their wants and objectives. Sometimes, they supply shoppers with monetary merchandise, companies, planning or recommendation associated with investing, retirement, insurance coverage, mortgages, school financial savings, property planning, taxes and extra. Another name for monetary adviser embraces "funding advisor" and "registered representative." Monetary advisers can be insurance coverage brokers, accountants or attorneys.

Breaking Down Monetary Adviser

A big problem to think about when evaluating a monetary adviser or deciding on what sort of adviser to me is how they're paid. Some monetary advisors are paid a flat charge for his or her recommendation and are thought-about fiduciaries, whereas others earn commissions from the merchandise they promote to their shoppers. Some advisors, reminiscent of within the case of a hybrid adviser or dually registered advisor, cost charges in addition to earning commissions relying on the product they're promoting or the service they're offering. Charge-only preparations are broadly thought-about to be higher for the shopper.
Monetary advisers are required to fulfil a fiduciary commonplace. In keeping with the Securities and Alternate Fee, advisers should:

How Monetary Advisors Are Compensated

The commonest approach advisers are paid is predicated on a proportion of complete property underneath advisory, normally about 1-2% (or decrease the bigger that sum will get). Some advisors are paid by way of commissions from insurance coverage or monetary merchandise they promote, although this could result in a battle of curiosity due to the motivation to advocate the perfect product commission-wise and never essentially the only option for the shopper. Such an individual is appearing as a salesman and should merely meet a suitability commonplace slightly than an extra-stringent fiduciary commonplace. Hybrid advisors, a fast-growing phase of the advisory enterprise due to its flexibility, are paid by way of fee for promoting some merchandise and likewise charges for companies and recommendation as a fiduciary. This association is also known as "fee-based" (versus "fee-only," which refers to a 100% fiduciary). Some advisers are paid by way of an hourly charge, or a flat charge for particular companies or tasks, or by way of every day (typically quarterly) retainer charge.

How you can Discover a Monetary Adviser

Except for asking family and friends for referrals, skilled organizations just like the Monetary Planning Affiliation (FPA) and the Nationwide Affiliation of Private Monetary Advisors (NAPFA) will help a person discover an adviser. When selecting a monetary adviser, it is essential to ask if they've any FINRA licenses or official credentials. Licensed Monetary Planner® (CFP®), chartered monetary analyst (CFA), chartered monetary guide (ChFC), and registered funding advisor (RIA) are good indicators of an adviser's {qualifications}.

How you can Change into a Monetary Adviser

Many international locations require people to finish coaching or receive a license to turn into a monetary advisor. In America, monetary advisors should carry a Sequence 65 or 66 licenses as stipulated by the Monetary Trade Regulatory Authority (FINRA). In keeping with FINRA, funding advisors, brokers, accountants, insurance coverage brokers and monetary planners can use the time period "monetary adviser." The North American Securities Directors Affiliation supplies a very good brief overview of financial adviser requirements.

Monetary Adviser vs. Advisor

Whereas 'adviser' spelt with an 'e' is the official spelling as per the Funding Advisers Act of 1940, 'advisor' with an 'o' is appropriate to confer with somebody who supplies recommendation. Nonetheless, when utilized in reference to the authorized designation 'adviser' needs to be used.

What Is a Fiduciary?

A fiduciary is an individual or group that acts on behalf of one other individual or individuals to handle the property. Primarily, a fiduciary owes to that different entity the duties of good faith and belief. The best-authorized obligation of 1 social gathering to a different, being a fiduciary requires being certain ethically to behave within the different's greatest pursuits.
A fiduciary may be answerable for basic well-being, however, typically the duty includes funds—managing the property of one other individual, or of a bunch of individuals, for instance. Cash managers, monetary advisors, bankers, accountants, executors, board members, and company officers all have fiduciary accountability.

Fiduciary Defined

A fiduciary's obligations or duties are each moral and authorized. When a celebration knowingly accepts the fiduciary duty on behalf of one other social gathering, they're required to behave in the perfect curiosity of the principal, the social gathering whose property they're managing. That is what is called a "prudent individual commonplace of care," an ordinary that initially stems from an 1830 courtroom ruling.
This formulation of the prudent-person rule required that an individual appearing as fiduciary was required to behave at the start with the wants of beneficiaries in thoughts.
The fiduciary is anticipated to handle the property for the advantage of the opposite individual, slightly than for their very own revenue, and can't profit personally from their administration of property.
Usually, no revenue is to be constituted of the connection until express consent is granted on the time the connection begins. For example, in the UK, fiduciaries can not revenue from their place, in response to an English Excessive Court docket ruling, Keech vs. Sandford (1726). If the principal supplies consent, then the fiduciary can hold no matter profit they've acquired; these advantages may be both financial or outlined extra broadly as an "alternative."
Fiduciary duties seem in all kinds of widespread enterprise relationships, together with:

Fiduciary Trustee/Beneficiary

Property preparations and applied trusts contain a trustee and a beneficiary. A person named as a belief or property trustee is the fiduciary, and the beneficiary is the principal. Below a trustee/beneficiary obligation, the fiduciary has authorized possession of the property or property and holds the ability essential to deal with property held within the title of the belief.
Nonetheless, the trustee should make choices which might be in the perfect curiosity of the beneficiary because the latter holds equitable title to the property. The trustee/beneficiary relationship is a crucial facet of complete property planning, and particular care needs to be taken to find out who's designated as trustee.
Politicians typically arrange blind trusts with the intention to keep away from conflict-of-interest scandals. A blind belief is a relationship through which a trustee is accountable for the funding of a beneficiary's corpus (property) without the beneficiary understanding how the corpus is being invested. Even whereas the beneficiary has no data, the trustee has a fiduciary obligation to speculate the corpus in response to the prudent individual commonplace of conduct.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

Board MembeShareholder

An identical fiduciary obligation may be held by company administrators, as they are often thought-about trustees for stockholders if on the board of a company, or trustees of depositors if service as director of a financial institution. Particular duties embrace:

The Obligation of Care

This is applicable to the best way the board makes choices that have an effect on the way forward for the enterprise. The board has the obligation to completely examine all potential choices and the way they could impression the enterprise; If the board is voting to elect a brand new CEO, for instance, the choice shouldn't be made primarily based solely on the board's data or opinion of 1 potential candidate; it's the board's accountability to analyze all viable candidates to make sure the perfect individual for the job is chosen.

The Obligation to Act in Good Religion

Even after it moderately investigates all of the choices earlier than it, the board has the accountability to decide on the choice it believes greatest serves the pursuits of the enterprise and its shareholders.

The Obligation of Loyalty

This implies the board is required to place no different causes, pursuits or affiliations above its allegiance to the corporate and the corporate's buyers. Board members should chorus from private or skilled dealings which may put their very own self-interest or that of one other individual or enterprise above the curiosity of the corporate.
If a member of a board of administrators is discovered to be in breach of their fiduciary obligation, they are often held liable in a courtroom of regulation by the corporate itself or its shareholders.

Fiduciary as ExecutoLegatee

Fiduciary actions may apply to particular or one-time transactions. For instance, a fiduciary deed is used to switch property rights in a sale when a fiduciary should act as an executor of the sale on behalf of the property proprietor. A fiduciary deed is helpful when a property proprietor needs to promote however is unable to deal with their affairs as a consequence of sickness, incompetence, or different circumstances, and wishes somebody to behave of their stead.
A fiduciary is required by regulation to confide in the potential purchaser the true situation of the property being offered, they usually can not obtain any monetary advantages from the sale. A fiduciary deed can be helpful when the property proprietor is deceased and their property is a part of a property that wants oversight or administration.

Guardian/Ward Fiduciary

Below a guardian/ward relationship, authorized guardianship of a minor is transferred to an appointed grownup. Because the fiduciary, the guardian is tasked with making certain the minor youngster or ward has acceptable care, which may embrace deciding the place the minor attends faculty, that the minor has appropriate medical care, that they're disciplined in an inexpensive method, and that their everyday welfare stays intact.
A guardian is appointed by the state courtroom when the pure guardian of a minor youngster just isn't capable of taking care of the kid any longer. In most states, a guardian/ward relationship stays intact until the minor youngster reaches the age of majority.

Legal professional/Consumer Fiduciary

The legal professional/shopper fiduciary relationship is arguably one of the stringent. The U.S. Supreme Court docket states that the best degree of belief and confidence should exist between a legal professional and shopper—and that a legal professional, as fiduciary, should act in full equity, loyalty, and constancy in every illustration of, and coping with, shoppers.
Attorneys are held accountable for breaches of their fiduciary duties by the shopper and are accountable to the courtroom through which that shopper is represented when a breach happens.

Fiduciary Principal/Agent

An extra generic instance of fiduciary obligation lies within the principal/agent relationship. Any particular person individual, company, partnership, or authorities company can act as a principal or agent so long as the individual or enterprise has the authorized capability to take action. Below a principal/agent obligation, an agent is legally appointed to behave on behalf of the principal without the battle of curiosity.
A standard instance of a principal/agent relationship that means fiduciary obligation is a bunch of shareholders as principals electing administration or C-suite people to behave as brokers. Equally, buyers act as principals when choosing funding fund managers as brokers to handle the property.

Funding Fiduciary

Whereas it might appear as if a funding fiduciary could be a monetary skilled (cash supervisor, banker, and so forth), a funding fiduciary is anyone who has the obligation for managing any person else's cash. Which means should you volunteered to take a seat on the funding committee of the board of your native charity or different group, you could have fiduciary accountability. You will have been positioned able of belief, and there could also be penalties for the betrayal of that belief.
Additionally, hiring a monetary or funding professional doesn't relieve the committee members of all of their duties. They nonetheless have an obligation to prudently choose and monitor the actions of the professional.

Suitability vs. Fiduciary Customary

In case your funding advisor is a Registered Investment Advisor, they share fiduciary accountability with the funding committee. Then again, a dealer, who works for a broker-dealer, could not. Some brokerage corporations don't need or permit their brokers to be fiduciaries.
Funding advisors, who're normally fee-based, are certain to a fiduciary commonplace that was established as a part of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. They are often regulated by the SEC or state securities regulators. The act is fairly particular in defining what a fiduciary means, and it stipulates an obligation of loyalty and care, which implies that the advisor should put their shopper's pursuits above their very own.
For instance, the advisor can not purchase securities for his or her account prior to purchasing them for a shopper and is prohibited from making trades that will end in greater commissions for the advisor or their funding agency.
It additionally implies that the advisor should do their greatest to ensure funding recommendation is made utilizing correct and full data—principally, that the evaluation is thorough and as correct as potential. Avoiding conflicts of curiosity are essential when appearing as a fiduciary, and it implies that an advisor should disclose any potential conflicts to put the shopper's pursuits forward of the advisor's.
Moreover, the advisor wants to put trades underneath a "greatest execution" commonplace, that means that they have to try to commerce securities with the perfect mixture of low price and environment-friendly execution.

The Suitability Rule

Dealer-dealers, who are sometimes compensated by a fee, usually solely have to satisfy a suitability obligation. That is outlined as making suggestions which might be in keeping with the wants and preferences of the underlying buyer. Dealer-dealers are regulated by the Monetary Trade Regulatory Authority (FINRA) underneath requirements that require them to make appropriate suggestions to their shoppers.
As an alternative of getting to put their pursuits under that of the shopper, the suitability commonplace solely particulars that the broker-dealer has to moderately consider that any suggestions made are appropriate for the shopper when it comes to the shopper's monetary wants, aims, and distinctive circumstances. A key distinction when it comes to loyalty can be essential: A dealer's major obligation is to their employer, the broker-dealer for whom they work, to not their shoppers.
Different descriptions of suitability embrace ensuring transaction prices aren't extreme and that their suggestions aren't unsuitable for the shopper. Examples that will violate suitability embrace extreme buying and selling, churning the account merely to generate extra commissions, and often switching account property to generate transaction revenue for the broker-dealer.
Additionally, the necessity to disclose potential conflicts of curiosity just isn't as strict a requirement for brokers; funding solely must be appropriate, it would not essentially be in keeping with the person investor's aims and profile.

A broker-dealer follows the suitability commonplace: Funding selections have to be appropriate for the shopper, however, can nonetheless be extra helpful to the dealer than the easiest choice; the dealer's major accountability is to their agency, not their shopper.
The suitability commonplace can find yourself inflicting conflicts between a broker-dealer and shopper. The obvious battle has to do with compensation. Below a fiduciary commonplace, a funding advisor could be strictly prohibited from shopping for a mutual fund or different funding for a shopper as a result of it will garner the dealer the next charge or fee than a choice that will price the shopper much less—or yield extra for the shopper.
Below the suitability requirement, so long as the funding is appropriate for the shopper, it may be bought for the shopper. This could additionally incentivize brokers to promote their very own merchandise forward of competing for merchandise that will price much less.

The Brief-Lived Fiduciary Rule

Whereas the time period "suitability" was usual for transactional accounts or brokerage accounts, the Department of Labor Fiduciary Rule, proposed to toughen issues up for brokers. Anybody with retirement cash underneath administration, who made suggestions or solicitations for an IRA or different tax-advantaged retirement accounts, could be thought-about a fiduciary required to stick to that commonplace, slightly than to the suitability commonplace that was in any other case in impact.
The fiduciary rule had a protracted—and in the end unsuccessful—implementation. Initially proposed in 2010, it was scheduled to enter impact between April 10, 2017, and January 1, 2018. After President Trump took workplace it was postponed to June 9, 2017, together with a transition interval for sure exemptions extending via January 1, 2018.
Subsequently, implementation of all components of the rule was pushed again to July 1, 2019. Earlier than that would occur, the rule was vacated following a June 2018 decision by the Fifth U.S. Circuit Court.
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THE LION KING ARRIVING

THE LION KING ARRIVING
The Lion King is a 2019 American photorealistic computer-animated musical drama film directed and produced by Jon Favreau, with a screenplay written by Jeff Nathanson, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It's a photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's traditionally animated 1994 film of the same name. The movie stars the voices of Donald Glover, Seth Rogen, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Alfre Woodard, Billy Eichner, John Kani, John Oliver and Beyoncé Knowles-Carter, in addition to James Earl Jones reprising his authentic position as Mufasa.

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Plans for a remake of The Lion King have been confirmed in September 2016 following the success of the studio's The Jungle Book, additionally directed by Favreau. A lot of the principle forged signed in early 2017 and principal production started in mid-2017 on a blue screen stage in Los Angeles.
The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019. It obtained blended evaluations, with the reward for its visible results and vocal performances, whereas receiving criticism for being extremely spinoff of the unique and the dearth of emoting within the animated lion characters relative to the unique.
Disney’s upcoming movie journeys to the African savanna the place a future king is born. Simba idolizes his father, King Mufasa, and takes to coronary heart his personal royal future. However, not everybody within the kingdom celebrates the brand new cub’s arrival. Scar, Mufasa’s brother—and former inheritor to the throne—has plans of his personal. The battle for Satisfaction Rock is ravaged with betrayal, tragedy and drama, finally leading to Simba’s exile. With an assist from a curious pair of newfound pals, Simba must determine to find out how to develop up and take again what's rightfully his.
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Voice forged

Foremost article: List of The Lion King characters
  • Donald Glover as Simba: A lion who's the crown prince of the Satisfaction Lands. Glover mentioned that the movie will focus extra on Simba's time rising up than the unique movie did, stating that "[Favreau] was very eager in ensuring we noticed [Simba's] transition from boy to man and the way laborious that maybe when there's been a deep trauma".[5]
    • JD McCrary as younger Simba.

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  • Seth Rogen as Pumbaa: A slow-witted common warthog who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling. Rogen mentioned, "[a]s an actor, I [...] do not suppose I am proper for each position — there are numerous roles I do not suppose I am proper for even in motion pictures I am making — however, Pumbaa was one I knew I may do properly".[6]
  • Chiwetel Ejiofor as Scar: The treacherous brother of Mufasa and the uncle of Simba who seeks to take the mantle of king of the Satisfaction Lands. Ejiofor described Scar as extra "psychologically possessed" and "brutalized" than within the authentic movie.[6] Ejiofor mentioned that "particularly with Scar, whether or not it is a vocal high quality that permits for a sure confidence or a sure aggression, to at all times know that on the finish of it you are enjoying someone who has the capability to show everything on its head in a break up second with outrageous acts of violence – that may fully change the temperature of a scene".[6] Ejiofor additionally mentioned that "[Scar and Mufasa's] relationship is totally destroyed and brutalized by Scar's mindset. He is possessed with this illness of his personal ego and his personal need".[5] Favreau mentioned of casting Ejiofor, "[He] is only an incredible actor, who brings us a little bit of the mid-Atlantic cadence and a brand new tackle the character. He brings that feeling of a Shakespearean villain to bear due to his background as an actor. It is great when you have got someone as skilled and seasoned as Chiwetel; he simply breathes such great life into this character.

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  • Alfre Woodard as Sarabi: The Queen of the Satisfaction Lands, Mufasa's mate, and Simba's mom.
  • Billy Eichner as Timon: A wise-cracking meerkat who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling.
  • John Kani as Rafiki: A smart mandrill who serves because of the shaman of the Satisfaction Lands and an in-depth buddy of Mufasa's.[7] Likening his position to that of a grandfather, Kani mentioned, "Rafiki reminds all of us of that particular smart relative. His knowledge, humour and his loyalty to the Mufasa dynasty is what warms our hearts in direction of him. [He's] at all times blissful and wisecracking jokes as classes of life and survival.
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  • John Oliver as Zazu: A red-billed hornbill who's the majordomo to the King of the Satisfaction Lands. Talking of his position, Oliver mentioned, "I believe Zazu is mainly a fowl who likes construction. He simply desires issues to be as they need to be. I believe there are British echoes there as a result of we are inclined to favour construction in lieu of getting an emotional response to something."[1]
  • Beyoncé Knowles-Carter as Nala: Simba's childhood greatest buddy and future love curiosity. In accordance with Favreau, the character has a much bigger position than within the authentic movie.[8]Favreau felt that "a part of [Beyoncé joining the film] is that she's bought younger children, a part of it's that it is a story that feels good for this part of her life and her profession, and he or she actually likes the unique very a lot. After which, after all, there are these great musical numbers that she could be concerned with, and my God... she actually lives as much as her fame so far as the fantastic thing about her voice and expertise".

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  • Shahadi Wright Joseph as younger Nala. Joseph reprises her position from the Broadway production.[10] Joseph selected to work on the movie as a result of "Nala conjures up little ladies [...] She's an excellent position mannequin".
  • James Earl Jones as Mufasa: The King of the Satisfaction Lands and the daddy of Simba. Jones reprises his position from the unique 1994 animated movie. In accordance with Favreau, Jones' strains stay principally the identical from the unique movie.[6] Ejiofor mentioned that "the consolation of [Jones reprising his role] goes to be very rewarding in taking [the audience] on this journey once more. It is a once-in-a-generation vocal high quality". Favreau noticed Jones' return as "carrying the legacy throughout" the unique movie and the remake, and felt that his voice's change in tonality in comparison with the unique movie "served the position properly as a result of he feels like a king who's nominated for a very long time".
Florence Kasumba, Keegan-Michael Key, and Eric Andre voice Shenzi, Kamari, and Azizi, three spotted hyenas who're Scar's henchmen. Whereas Shenzi is a personality that was featured within the authentic 1994 animated movie, Kamari and Azizi are the respective renames of Banzai and Ed from the unique movie. The hyenas' characterizations have been closely altered from the unique movie's, as Favreau felt that they "needed to change so much" to suit the remake's reasonable fashion, stating that "[a] lot of the stuff around them [in the original film] was very stylised".[13]Kasumba elaborated, declaring that "These hyenas have been humorous. These hyenas are harmful.
Moreover, Penny Johnson Jerald voices Sarafina, Nala's mom.[1] Amy Sedaris, Chance the Rapper and Josh McCrary voice a guinea fowl, a bush baby, and an elephant shrew, respectively, Timon and Pumbaa's neighbours within the jungle.[1][14] Phil LaMarr voices an impala, whereas J. Lee voices a hyena.

Manufacturing

Growth

On September 28, 2016, Walt Disney Pictures confirmed that Jon Favreau can be directing a remake of the 1994 animated movie The Lion King, which might characteristic the songs from the 1994 movie, following a string of latest field workplace successes on the opposite Disney live-action remake movies comparable to Maleficent), Cinderella), Favreau's The Jungle Book) and Beauty and the Beast), with the latter three additionally incomes important reward.[15]#citenote-15) On October 13, 2016, it was reported that Disney had employed Jeff Nathanson to write down the screenplay for the remake,[[16]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-16) with the story written by Brenda Chapman, who was the unique movie's head of story.[[17]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-LionKingEverythingKnow-17)
In November, speaking with ComingSoon.net, Favreau mentioned the digital cinematography expertise he utilized in The Jungle Ebook can be used to a larger diploma in The Lion King.[18]#citenote-18) Though the media reported The Lion King to be a live-action movie, it really makes use of photorealistic computer-generated animation. Disney additionally didn't describe it as live-action, solely stating it could comply with the "technologically groundbreaking" strategy of The Jungle Ebook.[[19]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-19) Whereas the movie acts as a remake of the 1994 animated movie, Favreau was impressed by the Broadway adaptation) of the movie for certain points of the remake's plot, notably Nala and Sarabi's roles.[[20]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-20) Favreau additionally aimed to develop his personal tackle the unique movie's story with what he mentioned was "the spectacle of a BBC wildlife documentary".[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)
This serves as the ultimate credit score for movie editor Mark Livolsi, who died in September 2018.[22]#citenote-22) The movie is devoted to him.[[1]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-PressKit-1)

Casting

In mid-February 2017, Donald Glover was forged as Simba, with James Earl Jones reprising his position as Mufasa from the 1994 movie.[23]#citenote-23) In April 2017, Billy Eichner and Seth Rogen have been forged to play Timon and Pumbaa respectively.[[24]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-24) In July 2017, John Oliver was forged as Zazu.[[25]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-OliverCast-25) In August 2017, Alfre Woodard and John Kani have been introduced to play Sarabi and Rafiki), respectively.[[26]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-26)[[27]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-27)
Earlier in March 2017, it was introduced that Beyoncé was Favreau's best choice for the position of Nala) and that the director and studio can be keen to do no matter it took to accommodate her busy schedule.[28]#citenote-28) In a while November 1, 2017, her position was confirmed in an official announcement,[[29]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-29)[[30]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-30) which additionally confirmed that Chiwetel Ejiofor would play the position of Scar), and introduced that Eric Andre, Florence Kasumba, and Keegan-Michael Key would be the voices of Azizi, Shenzi and Kamari whereas JD McCrary and Shahadi Wright Joseph would be the voices of younger Simba and younger Nala, respectively.[[31]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-31)[[32]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-32)[[33]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-33)[[34]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-34)[[35]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-35) In November 2018, Amy Sedaris was introduced as having been forged in a task created for the movie.[[36]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-36)

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Visible results

The Moving Picture Company, the lead vendor on The Jungle Ebook, will present the visible results and so they'll be supervised by Robert Legato, Elliot Newman and Adam Valdez.[37]#citenote-37) The movie will make the most of "virtual-reality instruments", per Visible Results Supervisor Rob Legato.[[38]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-LionKingD23-38) Digital Manufacturing Supervisor Girish Balakrishnan mentioned on his skilled web site that the filmmakers used motion capture and VR/applied sciences,[[39]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-:1-39) with the manufacturing crew combining VR expertise with cameras so as to movie the remake in a VR-simulated environment.[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21) Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, referred to as the movie's visible results "a brand new type of filmmaking", and felt that "Historic definitions do not work", stating that "[it] makes use of some methods that will historically be referred to as animation, and different methods that will historically be referred to as live-action. It's an evolution of the expertise Jon [Favreau] utilized in Jungle Ebook".
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Music

Foremost article: The Lion King (2019 soundtrack))
Hans Zimmer, who composed the 1994 animated model, would return to compose the rating for the remake.[41]#citenote-41) Elton John additionally returned to transform his musical compositions from the unique movie earlier than his retirement,[[42]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-42) with Beyoncé aiding John within the remodelling of the soundtrack.[[43]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-43) John, the unique movie's lyricist, Tim Rice, and Beyoncé additionally created a brand new track for the movie,[[44]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-44) titled "Spirit)" and carried out by Beyoncé, which was launched on July 9, 2019, because of the lead single from the soundtrack.[[45]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TheGift-45) John and Rice additionally wrote a brand new track for the movie's finish credit, titled "By no means Too Late" and carried out by John.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46) The movie additionally options all of the songs from the unique movie, a canopy of The Token's "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and the track "He Lives in You" from Rhythm of the Satisfaction Lands and the Broadway manufacturing.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)The soundtrack, that includes Zimmer's rating and John and Rice's songs, was launched digitally on July 11, 2019, and will likely be bodily on July 19, 2019.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)
Beyoncé additionally produced and curated an album titled The Lion King: The Gift, which can characteristic "Spirit", in addition to songs impressed by the movie. The album is about to be launched on July 19, 2019.[45]#cite_note-TheGift-45)

Advertising

The primary teaser trailer and the official teaser poster for The Lion King debuted throughout the annual Dallas Cowboys' Thanksgiving day came on November 22, 2018.[47]#citenote-EWTeaser-47)[[48]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-VarietyTeaser-48) The trailer was seen 224.6 million occasions in its first 24 hours, turning into the then 2nd most viewed trailer in that time period.[[49]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TrailerViews-49) A particular sneak peek that includes John Kani's voice as Rafiki) and a brand new poster have been launched in the course of the 91st Academy Awards on February 24, 2019.[[50]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-50) On April 10, 2019, Disney launched the official trailer that includes new footage which revealed Scar), Zazu, Simba and Nala) (each as cubs and as adults), Sarabi, Rafiki), Timon and Pumbaa and the hyenas.[[51]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-51) The trailer was seen 174 million occasions in its first 24 hours, which was revealed on Disney's Investor Day 2019 Webcast.[[52]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-52) On Could 30, 2019, 11 particular person character posters have been launched.[[53]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-53) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé, Billy Eichner, and Seth Rogen's voices as Nala), Timon, and Puma respectively, was launched on June 3, 2019.[[54]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-54) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé and Donald Glover's voices as Simba and Nana singing) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" and in addition that includes James Earl Jones' voice as Mufasa, was launched on June 20, 2019.[[55]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-55) On July 2, 2019, Disney launched an intensive behind-the-scenes featurette detailing the varied points of the movie's manufacturing together with seven publicity stills that include the voice actors going through their animal counterparts.[[56]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-56)

Shot-for-shot declare

The trailers of the movie led to a declaration of its being a shot-for-shot remake of Disney's 1994 movie. On December 23, 2018, Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, mentioned that whereas the movie will "revere and love these elements that the viewers desires", there will likely be "issues within the film which might be going to be new".[40]#citenote-ScreenRant-40) On April 18, 2019, Favreau acknowledged that "some photographs within the 1994 animated movie are so iconic" he could not presumably change them, however "regardless of what the trailers counsel, this movie isn't just the identical film over once more",[[57]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-57) and later mentioned "it is for much longer than the unique movie. And a part of what we're doing right here is to (give it extra dimension) not simply visually however each story smart and emotionally."[[58]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-58) On Could 30, 2019, Favreau mentioned that a number of the humour and characterizations are being altered to be extra according to the remainder of the movie,[[59]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-59) and this remake is making some adjustments in sure scenes from the unique movie, in addition to in its construction.[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)On June 14, 2019, Favreau mentioned that, whereas the unique movie's fundamental plot factors will stay unchanged within the remake, the movie will largely diverge from the unique model, and hinted that the Elephant Graveyard, the hyenas' lair within the authentic movie, will likely be changed by a brand new location.[[13]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-DirectorHyenas-13) On July 5, 2019, the movie was revealed to have a 118 minutes period, making it roughly 30 minutes longer than the unique movie.[[60]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-60)

Launch

The Lion King premiered in Hollywood on July 9, 2019.[61]#citenote-61) The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019.[[62]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-62) It will likely be one of many first theatrical movies to be launched on Disney+, alongside Aladdin), Toy Story 4, Frozen 2, Captain Marvel), and Avengers: Endgame.[[63]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-63)
The movie started its worldwide rollout per week earlier than its home launch, beginning with July 12 in China.[64]#cite_note-ChinaPreview-64)

Reception

Field workplace

Starting on June 24, 2019 (which marked the 25th anniversary of the discharge of the unique movie), in its first 24 hours of pre-sales, The Lion King grew to become the second-best pre-seller of 2019 on Fandango) in that body (behind Avengers: Endgame), whereas Atom Tickets reported it gave their best-ever first-day gross sales for a household movie.[65]#citenote-Presales_record-65) Three weeks previous to its launch, business monitoring projected the movie would gross $150–170 million in its home opening weekend.[[66]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-66)[[67]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-67)
In China, the place it launched per week previous to the U.S., the movie was projected to debut to $50–60 million.[64]#citenote-ChinaPreview-64) It ended up opening to $54.7 million, beating the debuts of The Jungle Ebook and Magnificence and the Beast.[[68]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-68)

https://preview.redd.it/5xzol8ylhga31.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4a3aedd277ee3550808bfb314624587b23ed71b2

Vital response

On review aggregator web site Rotten Tomatoes, the movie holds an approval ranking of 59% based mostly on 123 evaluations, and an average rating of 6.45/10. The web site's important consensus reads, "Although it may take satisfaction in its visible achievements, this reimagined The Lion King is a by the numbers retelling that lacks the power and coronary heart that made the unique so beloved – although for some followers that will simply be sufficient."[69]#citenote-69) Metacritic gave the movie a weighted common rating of 57 out of 100 based mostly on 38 critics, indicating "blended or common evaluations".[[70]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-70)
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Kenneth Turan on the Los Angeles Times referred to like the movie "polished, satisfying leisure."[71]#citenote-71) Todd McCarthy at The Hollywood Reporter thought-about it to be inferior to the unique, noting, "The movie's aesthetic warning and predictability start to put on down on your entire enterprise within the second half."[[72]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-72) At The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw discovered the movie "watchable and pleasing. However, I missed the simplicity and vividness of the unique hand-drawn pictures."[[73]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-73)
A. A. Dowd, writing for The A.V. Club, summarized the movie as "Joyless, artless, and perhaps soulless, it transforms some of the putting titles from the Mouse Home vault into a really costly, star-studded Disneynature movie." Dowd bemoaned the movie's insistence on realism, commenting, "We're watching a hole bastardization of a blockbuster, without delay fully reliant on the viewers' pre-established affection for its predecessor and unusually decided to jettison a lot of what made it particular."[74]#citenote-74) Scott Mendelson at Forces condemned the movie as a "crushing disappointment": "At nearly each flip, this redo undercuts its personal melodrama by downplaying its personal feelings."[[75]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-75) David Ehrlich of IndieWire panned the movie, writing, "Unfolding just like the world's longest and least convincing deep fake, Jon Favreau's (nearly) photorealistic remake of The Lion King is supposed to characterize the following step in Disney's circle of life. As an alternative, this soulless chimera of a movie comes off as little greater than a glorified tech demo from a grasping conglomerate — a well-rendered however creatively bankrupt self-portrait of a film studio consuming its personal tail."[[76]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-76)
submitted by Red-its to worldAds [link] [comments]

[CRISIS] The SCS Financial Crash

New York Times: East Asian Economy in Crisis

The Diplomat:The Taiwanese Fortress Mentality Since the beginning of the PRC blockade on Taiwan, multiple commentators have remarked on the incredible resilience of the Taiwanese people. The PRC naval contingent has been described as relatively small, though any Taiwanese effort to break the blockade certainly would have resulted in disastrous consequences, and so the island has resolved to pursue a strategy of waiting, allowing foreign contempt for the PRC to build, and for its own economy to adapt to the changing commercial conditions, potentially gearing itself up for a major regional war. Rationing has been implemented in Taiwan, and smuggling is incredibly frequent to resupply when necessary. Many Chinese naval officers have been reported as taking bribes from Taiwanese shipping corporations, and the deployed forces aren't able to flawlessly monitor all of Taiwan's waters. The no-fly zone over the island has prevented airborne resupply, but blockade running remains relatively common and relatively successful. Throughout the past year and a half, the Taiwanese people have more or less accepted this status. Many feel betrayed by the international community, and a vast majority are set on not acquiescing to the PRC's demands.
 
The Guardian:Chinese Agents Captured in Taiwan The ongoing blockade by the PRC on Taiwan has seen many question the resolve of the island, as governmental and economic collapse persistently seemed right around the corner. Evidently, the PRC believed the same, as earlier today, 11 PRC agents were captured by Taiwanese authorities with a host of equipment. Taiwan released a statement explaining that these agents were here to undermine the government and foster pro-unification sentiments, as well as to begin convincing the island to essentially surrender to PRC demands. In response, financial markets have slowly begun shifting, though it's unclear if...
 
Reuters:China in Crisis After a Chinese infiltration of Taiwan resulted in the capture of PRC agents, the country's population responded preemptively to what it assumed would be a foreign response consisting of...
 
The Economist:FDI in China Grinds to a Halt Following mass withdrawals by Chinese citizens, FDI slowly began to ebb, collapsing projections for...
 
Financial Times:Debt, Bubbles, and Bankruptcy While Chinese measures in the late 2010s and early 2020s alleviated many of the economic issues plaguing the country, the recent action taken against Taiwan has nevertheless plunged the country into a deep financial recession. As GDP falls, the ratio to debt will skyrocket, leading to unsustainable...
Suffice to say, the Chinese economy is a great deal of trouble. Trade between the Republic and the People's Republic is not insubstantial, but up until this point, Taiwan has been bearing the brunt of the economic consequences. Following the revelation that Chinese agents were being sent to Taiwan, in combination with the ongoing act of war, Chinese citizens began to lose faith in their government and started to concern themselves with a foreign reaction consisting potentially of economic repercussions.
Large-scale withdrawals from Chinese banks, in tandem with the slow cease of foreign direct investment, heralded the beginning of a major financial crisis, which was further signaled by a massive fall in the Shanghai Stock Exchange the day after Taiwan released its statement regarding Chinese intelligence operations.
Feeding into itself, this has resulted in the collapse of borrowing and the explosion of interest rates, with hundreds of Chinese businesses collapsing. As the value of various industries plummets, the Chinese housing and industry bubbles, deflated by Chinese economic policy, are expected to finally burst, though much reduced in impact. Stocks and financial transaction within the country will fall further and GDP will collapse. Debt will hit unsustainable levels relative to the country's new GDP, and default will suddenly become a major concern, further endangering the country's prospects as a major site of investment. The effects of this economic disaster are far-ranging, including a fall in oil prices, a potential tumble in the USD as FOREX reserves are potentially sold off by the Chinese government, perhaps the beginning of privatization in the PRC, and economic shocks to African nations relying on Chinese loans among other things.
By 2027, the Chinese GDP will have collapsed from over $19 trillion to $10,189.56 billion. The PRC will remain the world's largest economy, but much reduced, opening up an economic power vacuum not only in Asia, but globally.
Countries GDP Forecast for 2027
15%< trade with China High Negative (-2% to -3.5%)
10%< to 15% trade with China Low Negative (-0.5% to -1.5%)
5%< to 10% trade with China Low (0% to 1%)
5%≥ trade with China Lower than your average
These are basic guidelines. Do what makes sense.
submitted by _Irk to worldpowers [link] [comments]

Big List of Financial News, Research, and Data Websites

Hello /investing, I was looking for a good resource list for financial news, research, and data on Google and Reddit, but didn't find many good lists. So I spent some time and compiled my own. I hope this is helpful for other people.
You can take a look at this list in two column format here.
I'm looking for useful websites that I have missed. If you have any suggestions, please leave them in the comments.
I list the domain authority of each website in parentheses which is a measure of the prestige of the website and quality of the information in a numerical range from 0 to 100.
Although I review a wide range of websites, I personally recommend the Financial Times, Bloomberg, Wall Street Journal, Business Insider, and Zero Hedge for news, and Quandl for data.

News

  1. Bloomberg (99)
  2. Reuters (96)
  3. Business Insider (95)
  4. MarketWatch (93)
  5. TheStreet (90)
  6. Zero Hedge (84)
  7. Seeking Alpha (83)
  8. Financial Post (82)
  9. Kiplinger (82)
  10. 24/7 Wall St (81)
  11. Benzinga (79)
  12. Institutional Investor (73)
  13. ValueWalk (70)
  14. Gurufocus (66)
  15. Institutional Investor’s Alpha (52)
  16. Market Folly (50)

Magazines

  1. Forbes (97)
  2. The Economist (95)
  3. Fortune (93)
  4. Time (92)
  5. Barron’s (85)
  6. The New Yorker (80)

Newspapers

  1. The Wall Street Journal (97)
  2. Financial Times (96)
  3. USA Today (88)
  4. BBC (87)
  5. The Global and Mail (87)
  6. The New York Times (80)
  7. The Guardian (80)
  8. Nikkei Asian Review (80)
  9. The Japan Times (70)

Networks

  1. CNN (95)
  2. CNBC (93)
  3. NBC (91)
  4. Fox Business (91)
  5. NPR (82)

Reddit

  1. /investing (73)
  2. /personalfinance (71)
  3. /business (65)
  4. /FinancialIndependence (64)
  5. /finance (62)
  6. /economics (59)
  7. /wallstreetbets (58)
  8. /stocks (55)
  9. /InvestmentClub (55)
  10. /economy (52)
  11. /options (51)
  12. /SecurityAnalysis (49)
  13. /Forex (49)
  14. /algotrading (49)
  15. /StockMarket (47)

Tools

  1. Yahoo! Finance (94)
  2. Google Finance (93)
  3. Investopedia (87)
  4. Morningstar (87)
  5. Investing.com (72)
  6. ETF.com (64)
  7. Finviz (60)
  8. Thinknum (38)
  9. Finbox.io (26)
  10. Tiingo (23)

Blogs

  1. DealBook (89)
  2. FT Alphaville (83)
  3. The Big Picture (76)
  4. Calculated Risk (73)
  5. Naked Capitalism (72)
  6. Dealbreaker (63)
  7. The Reformed Broker (62)
  8. Macro Man (60)
  9. Pragmatic Capitalism (58)
  10. Abnormal Returns (57)
  11. Mish Talk (50)
  12. Between The Hedges (49)
  13. Felix Salmon (44)
  14. Philosophical Economics (42)

Communities

  1. StockTwits (76)
  2. Quantopian (50)
  3. TradingView (63)
  4. Bogleheads (54)
  5. SumZero (44)
  6. Value Investors Club (37)
  7. Harvest Exchange (37)

Data

  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics (95)
  2. SEC EDGAR (91)
  3. Federal Reserve (89)
  4. Bureau of Economic Analysis (85)
  5. FRED (81)
  6. Quandl (62)

Aggregators

  1. Real Clear Markets (70)
  2. Quantocracy (50)
  3. StreetEYE (40)
  4. Quant News (30)

Other

  1. Foreign Affairs (86)
  2. Project Syndicate (84)
  3. Stratfor (79)
submitted by cokechan to investing [link] [comments]

Android Only Paid Apps – Week 12 2019 [Selective Download]

For your convenience the Apk files have been uploaded into 3 separate selective ZIP files, enjoy!

Android - Only Paid Apps - Week 12 2019 Part 1:

Android - Only Paid Apps - Week 12 2019 Part 2:

Android - Only Paid Apps - Week 12 2019 Part 3:

Download Links:

Android Only Paid APPs - Week 12 2019 Part 1 (930 MB): Download Link 1 / Download Link 2 / Download link 3
Android Only Paid APPs - Week 12 2019 Part 2 (928 MB): Download Link 1 / Download Link 2 / Download link 3
Android Only Paid APPs - Week 12 2019 Part 3 (753 MB): Download Link 1 / Download Link 2 / Download link 3
Download More Apps Collection!
Originally Uploaded by: AndroGalaxy
submitted by HabeEvil to 1000APKS [link] [comments]

Rags To Riches— MaxiMine’s Journey Into The Top 50 (CoinMarketCap)

Rags To Riches— MaxiMine’s Journey Into The Top 50 (CoinMarketCap)
A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step but with MaxiMine, it’ll only take you two weeks. Here’s how it all started.

MXM: Pump it, louder!

It seems like just yesterday when we announced that MaxiMine has broken into the top 100 of CoinMarketCap’s rankings. Now, the then-rookie has succeeded in making a name for itself and is ranked 41st in the world according to CoinMarketCap’s latest statistics. The best thing of all? It only took MaxiMine two weeks to climb up the charts.


MaxiMine’s latest ranking on CoinMarketCap as of press time

The growth of MXM has been astounding, to say the least. As illustrated in the image above, the token witnessed a 36.41% growth in a day, reporting a 24-hour trading volume of $17, 379, 206 USD.


https://preview.redd.it/exp8972beao21.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=7fb804e717698a3ee20cae5a2889e856d1dfdfe2
The surge is evident from the statistics reflected in the graph above, an image sourced from CoinMarketCap.

CoinMarketcap is a platform created to track the capitalization of different cryptocurrencies, the amount of trades that use them and the current price converted into fiat currencies.


CoinMarketCap has an algorithm in place that ranks cryptocurrencies by their market capitalisation as seen in the image above. The ranking is performed based on pure statistics, which excludes reporting and analysis by media outlets. Truly, an unbiased source indeed.

According to recent statistics available, Coinmarketcap.com averages more than 60 million unique visitors to its site every day, making it one of the rare media outlets with such high traffic volumes. In fact, its website traffic surpasses that of other renowned media outlets within the country, such as The Guardian, Huffington Post and The Wall Street Journal.

Therefore, it is safe to assume that the ranking of CoinMarketCap is an accurate reflection of MXM’s position within the cryptocurrency market.

As of the time of writing, the price of MXM is at $0.098907 USD, with a 24-hour trading volume of $17,379,206 USD. Its circulating supply is at 1.64 billion MXM and the market capitalisation is at $163 million USD.


https://preview.redd.it/jh3fy5cieao21.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=79a5612e64bf1e06114ba60f48b7743037fee4ff

Such momentous growth is of course largely influenced by its advanced operating systems and efficient program executions.

For instance, it is common knowledge that the Bitcoin used to mine Bitcoin cannot be applied to Ethereum as well. Yet, with MaxiMine’s distributed cloud pool, the blockchain technology within allows users to easily switch between Bitcoin, Ethereum and other digital currencies, maximizing their benefits and easing their inconveniences at the same time.

Furthermore, MaxiMine has been up to track with its 2019 annual plan as promised:

TIMELINE OF MXM’S PROGRESS THUS FAR

In January, MaxiMine’s Hash Power Exchange APP was launched.
In February, MXM was launched on the Atomic wallet and listed on cryptocurrency exchange, CoinBene (KR).
In March, MaxiMine participated in several blockchain events, including the Hong Kong Blockchain Week, “NEXT Blockchain Technology and Application Impact Summit”, “2019 Global Digital Innovation Conference”, “New Technology Hong Kong University Science Popularization”, and Peking University’s “2019 Digital New Financial Leaders”.
At the summit, it was announced that the second batch of mining machines was released for sale.
Including the digital assets exchange, BitForex which MaxiMine will soon be listed on, MaxiMine will be available for trade on 7 international cryptocurrency exchanges. Talk about high liquidity!


Logos of current cryptocurrency exchanges listing MaxiMine token.

MaxiMine certainly has future plans for expansions and intends to be listed on more global cryptocurrency exchanges to provide MXM holders with a plethora of options to conduct their cryptocurrency trade.

It is expected that MaxiMine’s annual plan for the year will continue to unfold itself one step at a time, successfully advancing its mining ecosystem to deliver the best quality to its users.

We just can’t wait to see what the future will bring us.

About MaxiMine
MaxiMine is a highly efficient and transparent cloud-based pool mining platform. Its headquarters is located in Singapore and has a strong international presence in the industry. Since its launch, MaxiMine has been garnering positive attention for its innovative business model and operational capabilities, paving the way for unfaltering growth ahead.​

To find out more about MaxiMine, check out our social media accounts at:
Website: https://maximine.io/
Telegram: https://t.me/maximine
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/maximine/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/maximinecoin
Medium: https://medium.com/@maximinecoin
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MaxiMineCoin/
Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=3247389.0
submitted by maximineadmin to maximine [link] [comments]

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